"Every five seconds, a child under ten dies of hunger. A child who dies from hunger is a murdered child."
Jean Ziegler, UN Special Rapporteur on the Human Right to Food
As defined by the United Nations (UN), people suffer from hunger if they have less to eat than they need per day to keep up their own body weight and do their work. According to the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) of the United Nations, a person needs an average of 1,800 to 1,900 kcal to maintain his/her metabolism and important organ functions. Anything below this threshold leads to undernourishment.
With less than approx. 1,400 kcal per day, we speak of extreme undernourishment and chronic hunger. Constant hunger and undernourishment result in a number of severe deficiency syndromes. This dramatically worsens the development and performance capability of affected persons. They get tired and apathetic and are no longer able to stand up for themselves and the improvement of their situation. Their bodies’ defense declines significantly. Otherwise harmless diseases, such as a cough or diarrhea, can become fatal. For more than 800 million people, hunger is a chronic issue.
In general, there are two kinds of hunger:
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